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Radical Gardening and #OccupyGardens

Once while riding in a car I saw a ‘Keep Your Laws Off My Body” bumper sticker and inside my head I shouted back “Keep Your Politics Out Of My Garden!” I surprised myself because in my youth I’d been anything but apolitical. I’d participated in rallies, marches, protests, voter registration drives and volunteered on a political campaign before I was old enough to vote myself.  Perhaps I was burnt-out on politics after being immersed in it at an early age. The last place I thought politics belonged was in the garden.

Recently I came across a mention of the book Radical Gardening: Politics, Idealism & Rebellion in the Garden by George McKay. Intrigued by the title and cover I sent off a request to the publisher for a review copy which they granted me. After reading this book I’ve come to the realization that my opinion that gardening should be free of the political is myopic to say the least. Gardens and the gardened landscapes are deeply rooted (ugh) in the political. George McKay uses historical examples to illustrate an "intimate relationship between politics, social change and landscape or garden" many of which mirror those taking place today.

Radical Gardening

The chapter on green and open spaces and their uses in protests reminds me of the #OccupyWallStreet movement. Victorian public parks were intended to "improve" the park users and to encourage local pride and patriotism. The parks weren't about public health, as much as public order. Statues of the Queen, Prince Albert, local dignitaries and benefactors stood high above parks so they could be looked up to physically and metaphorically. The parks were seen as a place where the affluent and the working class could mix and hopefully the contact with the affluent would rub off on the working class.  Ironically, while public open spaces were seen as a way to civilize the working class, their nature allowed them to be used for demonstrations and civil unrest.

When #OccupyWallStreet took "Zuccotti Park" in Lower Manhattan issues of the park’s ownership, the effect of the protesters on safety and public health were raised echoing the same complaints raised in the book about demonstrators using Hyde Park.

The violent reaction to 'Occupy' events across the country have a striking resemblance to the reaction against the People's Park at the University of California at Berkeley in 1969 discussed in the book.

Pepper Spray Cop
Pepper Spray Cop Visits My Garden

On October 8th I started the #OccupyGardens hashtag on Twitter as a tongue-in-cheek way to motivate me to do fall garden cleanup and save seeds from my garden. The more I thought about it I started to wonder why the ‘Occupy’ movement didn't address the issues of public spaces, vegetable gardening and seed saving as a means of self-sufficiency. 'Growing a garden has become-at least potentially-an act of resistance. But it's not simply a gesture of refusal. It's a positive act. It's praxis,' explains George McKay.

OccupyGardens 1%

Since I started using #OccupyGardens as a way to express that we need to spend time outdoors, rethink what we personally, and a society, value I've seen two instances of gardens and gardening being incorporated in 'Occupy' demonstrations and I'm glad that people are realizing there's a connection between gardens and what the 'Occupy' movements across the globe want to achieve.

Occupy Gardens Seed Banks

After Arizona passed SB 1070 I joined the boycott of the state. This year in the garden I grew several vegetable crops that the state exports as part of my boycott. I haven’t mentioned it to anyone because I thought  a ‘protest garden’ as small as mine is was silly. When I read the 'Planting as a form of protest' quote by Paul Gough in Radical Gardening it gave my idea validity and I understood that next year it has to be bigger. Gardens have never been apolitical...

'If I sowed, planted or dealt in seeds; whatever I did had first in view the destruction of infamous tyrants.' William Cobbett, 1819.

... my instance that they be came from a "parochial or suburban or landed versions of garden understanding."  Gardens don't have to be a place of repose to forget the realities of our lives and society. If gardens are extensions of our homes and ourselves then they too can embody the politics of our existence.

In the forward to the book George writes: “My hope is that you will find something new here, thought-provoking, inspiring, and that you will experience the sense of excitement I did on learning  about the ways the generous space of the garden can have political resonance.”  Radical Gardening has done just that for me. It has opened my eyes and given me new insight into what a garden is and what it can mean, celebrate and how it can be approached. I can't recommend Radical Gardening more, it is a fascinating look at the way gardens have shaped people, communities, policies and land use. It explores areas such as public parks, Utopian societies, organics and permaculture, community gardens and garden design.

George McKay is a leading British author on aspects of alternative culture through music, protest and lifestyle. He is Professor of Cultural Studies at the University of Salford. You can visit his website (where he regretfully doesn’t blog about his garden) and you can buy his book Radical Gardening on Amazon or Barnes & Noble.

Edit: Over on Google+ someone shared one of the #OccupyGardens images I posted that reads The only banks that have your best interests in mind are seed banks. A person asked "who controls the seed banks?" The truth is that we can control the seed banks by creating personal seed banks, seed lending libraries and saving our own seeds, and hosting seed swaps in our own communities.


  1. Have you submitted your pepper spray cop to You should! Great post, btw.

  2. @Grumblebunny, I thought about it, but it isn't as cool as the ones I've seen online.

  3. It sounds like a provocative and timely book. Gardening being one of the oldest social activities – right from the birth of agriculture – it's only natural to have a political side to it. Your #OccupyGardens hashtag was an instant favourite of mine.

  4. @Helen, It really is timely in terms of what's going on politically, but it was particularly timely on a personal level. I briefly mentioned in the post that I had included my garden in the boycott of Arizona and I was struggling with whether I should speak publicly about it-because it was "political" and a lot of people don't like politics and gardens to mix.

  5. Love it! And the book sounds fascinating! Going on my wish list now.
    Like you said above "a lot of people don't like politics and gardens to mix." True, and yet they do right? Or can at least. The whys and the hows of the garden. Is it resistance? Is it in response to what is seen in the world? A desire for more self-sufficiency? A concern of the use of chemicals?
    I love the quote "'Growing a garden has become-at least potentially-an act of resistance. But it's not simply a gesture of refusal. It's a positive act. It's praxis."
    I have always thought edible garden to be a form of resistance, and in that, inherently political. (At least in western culture) However, I suppose the person growing only ornamentals and using a ton of chemicals and water are also subscribing to some political belief by actions.

    BTW, I love it when you mix politics and gardens =) great post!

  6. Hey Mr. Brownthumb,

    I too am Occupying Gardens... We are working on a mass mobilization of guerillia gardeners in Toronto and other Occupied cities. Come spring time we are going to march by the thousands with shovels, seed bombs, plants compost and plant food all over the city. Then tend to the gardens as a community, and then share the produce with everyone who's hungry for change.

    #OccupyGardensTO and

    and the global campaign -

  7. Sounds like an interesting book.
    Have to add: I'm an Arizona gardener- we don't all support sb1070, in fact his district just sucessfully removed Russell Pearce, the main push behind the bill, from office.

  8. Excellent post, thanks Mr. BT! I am going to order the book from the library. I'm also thinking of giving lots of seeds in stockings this Christmas.

  9. We garden for wildlife, with neighbours who waste water, use chemical fertilisers and weedkillers, in terror kill anything that shows life by MOVING shriek - our garden is Political yes.

  10. Love this and how relavant it is....proves that history is interwoven and repeats in cycles...loved the bee being pepper sprayed...

  11. Excellent post. I'm getting ready to occupy my own (rental property) garden next year; will be making good use of both front and back yards.

  12. @Meg, Gardens and politics can and do mix. I'm trying to pinpoint when I decided they shouldn't. Perhaps my belief came about when I joined gardening forums in the late 90s and early 00s? I distinctly remember that politics and religion were forbidden discussion topics. Maybe this is where I learned that gardening and politics should not mix.

    @Occupy, Nice to meet you keep up the good work.

    @Leslie, It really is an interesting book that weaves history and gardening together really well. There's a little bit for everyone who is interested in various movements within gardening.

    @Hawk3ye, Seeds as stocking stuffers are a good idea. Don't forget you can also give them for VDay!

    @Elephant's Eye, That's horrible. Although, I can't judge your neighbor too much as I used to be one of those gardeners who used chemicals. It was actually writing this garden blog and wanting to photograph bugs that got me to examine what I was doing and finding alternatives.

    @Donna, Yes, history does move in circles. While a lot of the topics the author covers happened in the past they seem to always be current. An example is the chapter on community gardens and their destruction for development.

    @Val, Thanks for stopping by. I hope your gardens turn out great.

  13. Since I was a kid getting teased on the school bus about our large, organic veggie garden visible from the bus, I've realized how political, and radical a garden can be. Growing up reading Mother Earth News and Organic Gardening magazines raised my consciousness on gardening and politics early on.

    The political aspects of gardening have become increasingly more apparent in the ensuing decades as Big Ag and Big Pharma have increasingly influenced the political process and led to releasing GMOs into the environment and our food supply, even greater government control of our food supply, and recently, even greater tyrannical control of what, and where people can and cannot grow on their own property.

    Personal values on environmental sustainability, community, freedom, social responsibility, personal responsibility, respect for life, respect for immutable natural law, use of power, and many more, are all expressed in how we garden and how we express ourselves in the wider world.

  14. I just linked to you - actually your latest post on "Christmas cactus."

    This was a good article.

  15. just relocated to the Midwest from the West Coast, bookmarked your blog - thanks

  16. Wonderful post. I had not heard of this book but will add it to my reading list!

  17. Thanks for the post mate you have written it very well.



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